Y9 – 09/02/17

Due: 20/02 (Issued: 09/02)

Title: Isolation

Task: Answer the three questions

  1. List four things you learn about Candy in this extract
  2. How does the writer use language to present Candy as isolated?
  3. Identify three quotations which suggest the theme of loneliness. Rank them in order of effectiveness. Then analyse your most effective quotation


  • Show planning (see approach, below)
  • Clear use paragraphs
  • Each paragraph analyses the text as a PEAIDWRL paragraph
  • Clear reference to subject terminology
  • Clear understanding on the effect on the reader


  1. Read the extract and comprehend what is being said
  2. WHAT: Read and understand the question
  3. WHERE: Identify EVIDENCE (a number of quotations)
  4. Evaluate and rank each quotation – how well does it answer the question (thoughts and feelings on difference)?
  5. Pick the 4/5 most effective quotations which help to answer the question
  6. WHICH: For each quotation: determine whether it’s positive or negative
  7. For each quotation: IDENTIFY the keyword / phrase
  8. For each quotation: DEFINE the word class / language device
  9. WHY: Determine why the WRITER has used this language
  10. For each quotation: explore connotations (associated feelings, rather than synonyms)
  11. For each quotation: evaluate the connotations for their effectiveness in answering the question
  12. HOW: Determine how this language affects the READER
  13. SO: What, then, is your POINT
  14. From your notes, write your PEAIDWRL paragraph
  15. Read, edit and correct your SPaG


Candy rolled to the edge of his bunk. He reached over and patted the ancient dog, and he apologized, “I been around him so much I never notice how he stinks.”

“Well, I can’t stand him in here,” said Carlson. “That stink hangs around even after he’s gone.” He walked over with his heavy-legged stride and looked down at the dog. “Got no teeth,” he said. “He’s all stiff with rheumatism. He ain’t no good to you, Candy. An’ he ain’t no good to himself. Why’n’t you shoot him, Candy?”

The old man squirmed uncomfortably. “Well- hell! I had him so long. Had him since he was a pup. I herded sheep with him.” He said proudly, “You wouldn’t think it to look at him now, but he was the best damn sheep dog I ever seen.”

George said, “I seen a guy in Weed that had an Airedale could herd sheep. Learned it from the other dogs.” Carlson was not to be put off. “Look, Candy. This ol’ dog jus’ suffers hisself all the time. If you was to take him out and shoot him right in the back of the head-” he leaned over and pointed, “-right there, why he’d never know what hit him.”

Candy looked about unhappily. “No,” he said softly. “No, I couldn’t do that. I had ‘im too long.”

“He don’t have no fun,” Carlson insisted. “And he stinks to beat hell. Tell you what. I’ll shoot him for you. Then it won’t be you that does it.”

Candy threw his legs off his bunk. He scratched the white stubble whiskers on his cheek nervously. “I’m so used to him,” he said softly. “I had him from a pup.”

“Well, you ain’t bein’ kind to him keepin’ him alive,” said Carlson. “Look, Slim’s bitch got a litter right now. I bet Slim would give you one of them pups to raise up, wouldn’t you, Slim?”

The skinner had been studying the old dog with his calm eyes. “Yeah,” he said. “You can have a pup if you want to.” He seemed to shake himself free for speech. “Carl’s right, Candy. That dog ain’t no good to himself. I wisht somebody’d shoot me if I get old an’ a cripple.”

Candy looked helplessly at him, for Slim’s opinions were law. “Maybe it’d hurt him,” he suggested. “I don’t mind takin’ care of him.”

Carlson said, “The way I’d shoot him, he wouldn’t feel nothing. I’d put the gun right there.” He pointed with his toe. “Right back of the head. He wouldn’t even quiver.”

Candy looked for help from face to face. It was quite dark outside by now.