WHAT (Read and Comprehend)

  1. Read the extract and comprehend what is being said
    (perspective, characters, setting, topic, theme)
  2. WHAT: Read and understand the question
  3. Where appropriate, break the question down into its constituent parts

WHERE (Select and Evaluate)

  1. WHERE: Identify EVIDENCE (a number of quotations)
  2. Evaluate and rank each quotation – how well does each answer the question (thoughts and feelings on difference)?
  3. Pick the 4/5 most effective quotations which help to answer the question

WHICH (Analyse language)

  1. WHICH: For each quotation: determine the quality domain (whether it’s positive or negative)
  2. For each quotation: IDENTIFY the keyword / phrase
  3. For each quotation: DEFINE the word class / language device

WHY (Explore Connotations)

  1. WHY: Determine why the WRITER has used this language
  2. Consider what the WRITER Suggests, Infers or Signifies
  3. For each quotation: explore connotations (associated feelings, rather than synonyms)
  4. For each quotation: evaluate the connotations for their effectiveness in answering the question

HOW (React)

  1. HOW: Determine how this language and its connotations affect the READER
  2. Consider what the READER should Feel, Imagine and Think (in relation to the question focus, the quality domain and the effect of any device used)

SO (Constructing your Argument)

  1. SO: What, then, is your POINT?
  2. From your notes, write your PEAIDWRL paragraph
  3. Consider how you can use further quotations within your paragraph to emphasise your argument
  4. Read, edit and correct your SPaG